Ohio State History

Ohio State collage of images.

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General State History
Historic Figures

General Ohio State History

First explored for France by Sieur de la Salle in 1669, the Ohio region became British property after the French and Indian Wars. Ohio was acquired by the U.S. after the Revolutionary War in 1783. In 1788, the first permanent settlement was established at Marietta, capital of the Northwest Territory.

The 1790s saw severe fighting with the Indians in Ohio; a major battle was won by Maj. Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers in 1794. In the War of 1812, Commodore Oliver H. Perry defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie on Sept. 10, 1813.
Ohio Historic Figures

Tecumseh
1768-1813: Indian Chief for the Shawnee Tribe. Tecumseh had great ability as an organizational leader and is considered one of the outstanding Native Americans in American history.


William T. Sherman
1820-91: Graduate of West Point. Civil War General.


Ulysses Simpson Grant
1822-85: West Point Graduate, 18th President (1869-1877), Born in Point Pleasant., Ohio.


John Chapman
1774-1845: Traveled the land to promote orchard tree plantings. Better known as Johnny Appleseed. For 40 plus years Johnny Appleseed continued to wander up and down Ohio, Indiana, and Pennsylvania, taking care of his forest nurseries, pruning and caring for them. He helped hundreds of settlers to establish orchards of their own.


Annie Oakley
1860-1926: World Champion Sharpshooter from Greenville, Ohio. She was a major attraction during 1885 to 1902 at Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show performing remarkable feats of marksmanship.