Illinois State
Information

Illinois State collage of images.
Illinois State Symbols, Facts & Info

The United States of America accepted Illinois as the 21st state to enter the union. Below, you will find the official state symbols and interesting facts about Illinois.

State Name:
Illinois

Abbreviation:
IL

Capital:
Springfield

Date of Statehood:
December 3, 1818

Population:
12,763,371 (US Census 2005 estimate)

Primary Agriculture:
Miles of neatly planted farm fields are a familiar sight in Illinois, even though the state's southern reaches include some of the Midwest's most rugged and rocky hills. This same geography of gently rolling prairie boasts some of the most productive and fertile soil on earth. Illinois is among the leading agricultural export centers of the nation and is a leading state in the production of corn, soybeans and hogs. Other important Illinois crops include alfalfa, peaches, apples and melons. Beef, dairy and poultry products also rank high.

Primary Industry:
Illinois ranks third in the nation in the number of interstate highway miles. Approximately three percent of U.S. exports come from Illinois. Illinois mines 60 million tons of coal each year, six percent of U.S. production. Tourism is a big business. Each year visitors spend over $15 billion during their trips to and within Illinois, making it among the ten most traveled states in the country. Illinois also ranks among the leaders in production of the following products: construction machinery, farm equipment, radio and TV sets and other electric housewares, commercial printing, nuts and bolts, metal coating, polishes and sanitation goods, surgical appliances and supplies, sanitary food containers, metal stamping, printing trades machinery, electric coils and transformers, environmental controls, confectionary products, flavoring extracts and syrups, shortening and cooking oils, flour and other grain mill products and dog, cat and other pet food.

Nickname:
Land of Lincoln

Motto:
State sovereignty, national union.

Flower:
Violet (Legislation of 1907)
Picture of the Violet, the official state flower of Illinois.

Tree:
White Oak (Legislation of 1973)

Bird:
Northern Cardinal (Legislation of 1928)
Picture of the Northern+Cardinal, the official state bird of Illinois.
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Fish:
Bluegill (Legislation of 1986)

Insect:
Monarch Butterfly (Legislation of 1975)

Gemstone:
Fluorite (Legislation of 1965)

Official State Seal:
Official State Seal of Illinois.
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Official State Flag:
Official State Flag of Illinois.
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State Commemorative Quarter:
From the 1999-2008 United States Mint 50 State Quarters® Program
Commemorative state quarter of Illinois.
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State Postage Stamp:
From the 2002 United States Postal Service Greetings from America series.
34 cent Greetings from America commemorative stamp of Illinois state.
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