William McKinley ( January 29 , 1843 - September 14 , 1901 ) was the 25th President of the United States , from 1897 until his assasination in 1901 .
Following the war, McKinley studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1867. He commenced practice in Canton, Ohio. He was prosecuting attorney of Stark County, Ohio, 1869 - 1871, and was elected as a Republican to the Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, and Forty-seventh Congresses ( March 4 , 1877 - March 3 , 1883 ). He was chairman of the Committee on Revision of the Laws (Forty-seventh Congress). He presented his credentials as a Member-elect to the Forty-eighth Congress and served from March 4, 1883, until May 27, 1884, when he was succeeded by Jonathan H. Wallace, who successfully contested his election. McKinley was again elected to the Forty-ninth, Fiftieth, and Fifty-first Congresses ( March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1891 ). He was chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means (Fifty-first Congress).
McKinley was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 1890 to the Fifty-second Congress. He was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1884, 1888, and 1892. Standing for election with his running mate Andrew L. Harris, McKinley was elected Governor of Ohio in 1891, and reelected in 1893, serving until January 13, 1896. He was elected President of the United States in 1896.
In 1898, McKinley launched the trust-busting era when he appointed several Senators (and his former Lt. Governor Andrew L. Harris ) to the U.S. Industrial Commission. Later, the Industrial Commission's report to Theodore Roosevelt would lay the groundwork for Roosevelt's attacks on trusts and 'malefactors of great wealth'.
McKinley led the country into the Spanish-American War, bringing the former colonies of Spain in the Philippines and Caribbean Sea under American control. Despite some vocal domestic opposition, his administration ushered America into a policy of international imperialism .
He was re-elected in 1900.
McKinley was shot by an anarchist , Leon F. Czolgosz , on September 6 , 1901 while attending the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, New York , and died from his wounds there on September 14 , 1901 . He is one of the four U.S. presidents that have been assassinated. Interment is in the McKinley Monument (adjacent to West Lawn Cemetery), Canton, Ohio . Governor Andrew L. Harris and other speakers saluted the fallen President at the McKinley Memorial.
McKinley's portrait appeared on the U.S. $500 bill from 1928 to 1946.