Presidential Election 2016
Candidates Democrats - Hillary Clinton
Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is a former United States
Secretary of State, U.S. Senator, and First Lady of the United States. From
2009 to 2013, she was the 67th Secretary of State, serving under President
Barack Obama. She previously represented New York in the U.S. Senate (2001
to 2009). Before that, as the wife of President Bill Clinton, she was First
Lady from 1993 to 2001. In the 2008 election, Clinton was a leading
candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination.
In 1994, as First Lady of the United States, her major initiative, the
Clinton health care plan, failed to gain approval from the U.S. Congress.
However, in 1997 and 1999, Clinton played a leading role in advocating the
creation of the State Children’s Health Insurance Program, the Adoption and
Safe Families Act, and the Foster Care Independence Act. Her years as First
Lady drew a polarized response from the American public. The only First Lady
to have been subpoenaed, she testified before a federal grand jury in 1996
regarding the Whitewater controversy, but was never charged with wrongdoing
in this or several other investigations during the Clinton presidency. Her
marriage endured the Lewinsky scandal in 1998.
After moving to the state, Clinton was elected the first female Senator from
New York; she is the only First Lady ever to have run for public office.
Following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, she supported military
action in Afghanistan and the Iraq War Resolution, but subsequently objected
to the George W. Bush administration’s conduct of the war in Iraq and
continued to oppose most of its domestic policies. Clinton was reelected to
the Senate in 2006. Running in the 2008 Democratic presidential primaries,
Hillary Clinton won far more primaries and delegates than any other female
candidate in American history, but narrowly lost the nomination to Senator
Barack Obama, who went on to win the national election.
Obama nominated Clinton to be Secretary of State and she was confirmed by
the Senate in January 2009. She was at the forefront of the U.S. response to
the Arab Spring, including advocating for the U.S. military intervention in
Libya. As Secretary of State, she took responsibility for security lapses
related to the 2012 Benghazi attack, which resulted in the deaths of
American consulate personnel, but defended her personal actions in regard to
the matter. Clinton visited more countries than any other Secretary of
State. She viewed “smart power” as the strategy for asserting U.S.
leadership and values, by combining military power with diplomacy and
American capabilities in economics, technology, and other areas. She
encouraged empowerment of women everywhere and used social media to
communicate the U.S. message abroad.